It lists seventeen points including those expressing equality between all men, equality of rights, the relationship of political identity to the state and the source of state power being located in the collective, the preservation of rights such as liberty and property, freedoms of expression provided that those expressions do not impinge on the collective will, and numerous others. The document does not make the claim to the invention of these rights, but rather identifying and giving voice to rights that are naturally an aspect of human existence. It was thus heavily influenced by documents such as the American Declaration of Independence and American Constitution, and by Enlightenment ideals that explored the political relationship between individuals and the collective as detailed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The role of the state was understood to be the protector of those universal rights. Skip to main content. Main Menu Utility Menu Search.
Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of the Rights of Man?
Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of the Rights of Man? | Yahoo Answers
Approved by the National Assembly of France, August 26, The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen:. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
By publishing this document, de Gouges hoped to expose the failures of the French Revolution in the recognition of sexual equality , but failed to create any lasting impact on the direction of the Revolution. As a result of her writings including The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen , de Gouges was accused, tried and convicted of treason, resulting in her immediate execution, along with the Girondists in the Reign of Terror one of only three women beheaded during the Reign of Terror - and the only executed for her political writings. The Declaration of the Rights of Woman is significant because it brought attention to a set of feminist concerns that collectively reflected and influenced the aims of many French Revolution activists.
Although mainly directed against the specific abuses of the old French aristocratic and monarchial regime, it was written in abstract universalistic language that also made it applicable to other European nations. Its political language was influenced by the Enlightenment as well as Virginia's Declaration of Rights that it adopted in Two of its main declarations were that of civic equality, which would challenge Europe's social and legal inequities, and popular sovereignty, which claimed that governments must be responsible to those they govern. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen also proclaimed that all men were "born and remain free and equal in rights" and that these natural rights were "liberty, property, security, and resistance to protection.